Emigration to Brazil Part I
Area: 8,515,770 km²
Residents: 208,360,000 (December 2017)
Population density: 24 E / km²
Form of Government: Federal Republic of
Government: Presidential democracy
Neighboring countries: Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guyana
Capital: Brasília National
73.6 Roman Catholic,
0.3% Afro-Brazilian religions,
0.35% Jehovah’s Witnesses
Currency: Real (BRL)
1 BRL = 100 Centavos
1 EUR = 6.34 BRL
1 BRL = 0.16 EUR
1 CHF = 5.89 BRL
1 BRL = 0.17 CHF
(rate from January 16, 2021)
Telephone area code: +55
Time zone: UTC −2 to −4
In 2020, 790 Germans officially emigrated to Brazil and 1,295 returned to their homeland. Within the 10 years from 2010 to 2019, 13,536 Germans officially emigrated to Brazil and 16,974 moved back to Germany. These figures show that economic differences, increasing political tensions and unrest as well as other factors have induced many Germans to return to their old homeland. Nevertheless, there are a few things that speak in favor of emigrating to Brazil.
There are some regions in which many descendants of German immigrants live, most of whom still speak a little and sometimes good German. Some also speak old German dialects such as Hunsrückisch. The figures vary between 600,000 and 1.5 million German speakers, who live mainly in the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná, São Paulo and Espírito Santo. Particularly noteworthy are the areas around Blumenau, Theresopolis and Neu Petropolis. However, Portuguese is becoming more and more common as the everyday language in these areas.
The population structure is not uniform in the country and just as diverse as the landscapes. According to a genetic study, the population of Brazil is on average about 60% of European descent, about 25% of African descent and about 15% of Indian descent. The Brazilians cultivate a very special way of coping with life, with a lot of serenity as well as hospitality and joy. You are characterized by an open and communicative nature. Despite social and financial difficulties and differences, the people here seem to take life with ease and optimism.
In recent years, Brazil’s economies have developed well in some states. For those who want to become self-employed and have a good concept in addition to sufficient capital, there are good opportunities here. But you also need a lot of patience for this, as the mentality of the people means they are not as precise, reliable and punctual as one would normally expect from Germans.
However, Brazil is particularly suitable for retirees if they have sufficient retirement benefits (this can also be income from real estate, for example). Nature lovers prefer the rural regions, which can be found near the coast in the northeast of the country, in the Pantanal and in Sünden around Florianópolis.
The north makes up 45.27% of the area of Brazil, but has the fewest residents. The northwest is comparatively underdeveloped industrially and not very well developed. In return, it is home to the largest ecosystem on earth, the Amazon basin. Here there is a tropical climate with a humidity of over 80%. The average temperature is a minimum of 22 ° C at night and a maximum of 32 ° C during the day.
In the northeast one-third of Brazilians living scarce. The region is culturally very diverse and shaped by the Portuguese colonial rule, the African culture of the former slaves and Indian influences. The tropical climate here is a little drier than in the Amazon. There are oases and lagoons with crystal clear blue water, which only form during the rainy season between January and June. Magnificent beaches such as Canoa Quebrada and Jericoacoara in Ceará, Genipabu and Pipa in Rio Grande do Norte, Porto de Galinhas in Pernambuco and the Fernando de Noronha archipelago offer every conceivable water sport opportunity in warm waters all year round.
The Midwest is rich in raw materials, but not particularly well developed. This is a rather dry region. In summer the temperature is around 30 ° C and in winter the thermometer usually climbs up to 18 ° C. The plateaus “Chapada dos Veadeiros” and “Chapada dos Guimaraes” are located here. They are home to steep rock faces, waterfalls, canyons and caves, making them a perfect destination for trekking lovers. Here is also Brazil’s largest nature reserve with the Pantanal wetland, which preserves a unique biodiversity over thousands of square kilometers.
In the southeast, most Brazilians live. With the metropolitan areas of São Paulo (over 20 million residents) and Rio de Janeiro (approx. 8 million residents), this region is the country’s economic engine. Over 1,000 German companies are also represented here. Most job offers are in this region. Also worth mentioning are the well-preserved baroque towns of Ouro Preto, Mariana, São João Del Rey, Tiradentes, Sabará, Diamantina and Congonhas do Campo in the state of Minas Gerais, some of which are world heritage sites. This region has a subtropical climate. In summer, temperatures quickly reach over 40 ° C with a humidity of around 60%.
The south is the smallest region. The climatic conditions correspond roughly to those of southern Europe. In winter, temperatures can sometimes drop below 0 ° C at night. The cultural influences of German and Italian immigrants are clearly visible here. About 85% of the residents have visible European roots. The city of Curitiba in the state of Paraná has developed into an important industrial and cultural center and is a prime example of modern, environmentally friendly urban planning.
The most popular tourist destinations in Brazil are Rio de Janeiro and Salvador de Bahia. If you want to get to know the most beautiful sides of Brazil, you shouldn’t miss the green jungle Amazonia, the Iguacu waterfalls and the wetland of the Pantanal. But it is said that a whole life should not be enough to see all of Brazil’s natural beauties. In total, Brazil comprises 53 national parks and 8 nature reserves. The biodiversity of plants, fungi and trees, fish, birds, mammals, insects and other living things is so great that all published figures are only estimates.