Solomon Islands Population

By | May 6, 2024

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Solomon Islands is 685,097, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 685,097
Population growth rate 1.84%
Birth rate 24.90 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 74.66 years
Men life expectancy 72.05 years
Women life expectancy 77.39 years
Age structure
0-14 years 34.05%
15-64 years 61.61%
65 years and above 4.34%
Median age 21.90 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.04
Population density 23.71 residents per km²
Urbanization 16.50%
95% Melanesians, 3% Polynesians, 1% Micronesians; also Europeans and Chinese
Church of Melanesia 32.8%, Catholics (Roman Catholic) 19%, South Seas Evangelical 17% Seventh-day Adventists 11.2% Uniate Church 10.3% Christian Fellowship Church 2.4% Members of other Christian denominations 4.4% Members of other religions 2.4% not specified 0.3% non-denominational 0.2% [1999 census]
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.557
HDI ranking 153rd out of 194

People in Solomon Islands

Most of the people in the Solomon Islands are Melanesians, plus a few Polynesians and one in 100 residents has ancestors from Micronesia. A few immigrants come from China, India, Australia or Europe. Two thirds of them live on the larger islands of the Solomon Islands, namely on Guadalcanal, New Georgia and Malaita.

Languages in Solomon Islands

The official language is English, but very few people actually speak English as their first language. So-called pidgin English is widely used. There are also many other dialects from Melanesia and Polynesia. The language density in the Solomon Islands is very high. Only 62 out of 100 people in the Solomon Islands can read and write.

Incidentally, it is said that the Solomon Islands has the highest malaria rate in the world and one in three residents gets malaria every year. Dengue fever has also been spreading more and more on the Solomon Islands for several years.

Religions in Solomon Islands

20 out of 100 people are Catholics. Then there is a large proportion of Anglicans, followed by Adventists and Methodists. There are also other smaller religious groups.

Solomon Islands Overview

The Solomon Islands, located in the South Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia, are famous for their stunning coral reefs, turquoise waters, and lush rainforests. This archipelago nation is renowned for its incredible marine biodiversity, making it a paradise for snorkelers and divers. The islands also hold significant historical and cultural importance, with remnants of World War II battles scattered throughout the region and vibrant traditional customs and ceremonies still practiced by the indigenous peoples. The Solomon Islands offer travelers a unique blend of natural beauty, rich history, and authentic cultural experiences.

  • Capital City: Honiara
  • Population: Approximately 700,000
  • Area: 28,896 square kilometers
  • Full Country Name: Solomon Islands
  • Currency: Solomon Islands Dollar (SBD)
  • Language: English
  • ISO Country Codes: SB, SLB

Bordering Countries of Solomon Islands

The Solomon Islands is an island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean, just east of Papua New Guinea. It is made up of six major islands and numerous smaller ones, and has a population of approximately 634,000 people. The country is bordered by four countries, namely Papua New Guinea to the west, Vanuatu to the south, the Federated States of Micronesia to the east and Nauru to the north.

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a country located in Oceania with a population of over 8 million people. It shares its western border with the Solomon Islands and has a maritime border with Indonesia in the south. PNG is rich in natural resources such as oil and gas reserves, gold, copper and timber. It also has a wide range of flora and fauna including many endemic species found nowhere else on earth.

Vanuatu lies to the south of Solomon Islands across an oceanic trench called “the Vanuatu Trench” which separates them from each other. The country consists of over 80 islands divided into six provinces with a population of almost 300 thousand people. Vanuatu has rich volcanic soils which make it suitable for agriculture activities such as coffee production and livestock farming as well as fishing activities along its coastline areas.

The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) lies to the east across an oceanic trench called “the Caroline Trench” which separates them from each other. It consists of four states namely Yap State, Chuuk State, Kosrae State and Pohnpei State that are spread across 607 islands but only 70 are inhabited with a total population estimated at around 106 thousand people. FSM is rich in marine life making it ideal for fishing activities while its tropical climate makes it ideal for tourism activities such as snorkelling or surfing among others.

Nauru lies to the north across an oceanic trench called “the Nauru Trench” which separates them from each other. It is one of three island nations located within Micronesia with a population estimated at around 11 thousand people spread across 21 square kilometres making it one of the smallest countries in world by area size as well landlocked countries by sea area size. Nauru’s economy relies heavily on phosphate mining activities while tourism also plays an important role due to its pristine beaches and crystal clear waters perfect for swimming or snorkelling activities among others.


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