What is the Capital City of Brunei?

By | May 14, 2024

Bandar Seri Begawan, the capital city of Brunei, is a vibrant metropolis located on the northern coast of the island of Borneo. Nestled along the banks of the Brunei River, Bandar Seri Begawan is a city of contrasts, blending modern architecture with traditional Malay influences. As the political, economic, and cultural center of Brunei, Bandar Seri Begawan offers visitors a captivating mix of history, culture, and natural beauty.

City Facts

  • Area: Bandar Seri Begawan covers an area of approximately 100 square kilometers.
  • Population: The population of Bandar Seri Begawan is estimated to be around 100,000 people.
  • Time Zone: Bandar Seri Begawan operates on Brunei Darussalam Time (BNT), which is UTC+8.
  • Highest Mountain: The highest peak in Brunei is Bukit Pagon, located in the Temburong District, away from Bandar Seri Begawan.
  • Longest River: The Belait River is the longest river in Brunei, flowing through the Belait District. Bandar Seri Begawan is situated along the Brunei River, which is shorter but still significant to the city’s geography.

Major Landmarks

Bandar Seri Begawan is home to several iconic landmarks that showcase its rich cultural heritage and modern aspirations.

1. Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque

The Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque is one of the most impressive architectural masterpieces in Bandar Seri Begawan. Named after the 28th Sultan of Brunei, the mosque’s golden dome and marble minarets dominate the city’s skyline. Surrounded by lush gardens and a serene lagoon, the mosque is a symbol of Islamic faith and Brunei’s commitment to preserving its cultural heritage.

2. Kampong Ayer (Water Village)

Kampong Ayer, also known as the Water Village, is a sprawling network of stilted houses and wooden walkways built over the Brunei River. Home to a significant portion of Bandar Seri Begawan’s population, Kampong Ayer offers a glimpse into traditional Malay life and culture. Visitors can explore the water village by boat or on foot, discovering charming mosques, schools, and markets along the way.

3. Istana Nurul Iman

Istana Nurul Iman, meaning “Palace of the Light of Faith,” is the official residence of the Sultan of Brunei and the largest residential palace in the world. Spanning over 200,000 square meters, the palace is a magnificent display of opulence and grandeur, featuring lavish gardens, gold-domed roofs, and ornate decorations. While visitors cannot enter the palace grounds, its sheer size and architectural beauty make it a must-see attraction in Bandar Seri Begawan.

Climate Overview

Bandar Seri Begawan experiences a tropical rainforest climate characterized by high temperatures, humidity, and rainfall throughout the year. The city’s climate is influenced by its proximity to the equator, with little variation in temperature between seasons. Rainfall is heaviest during the monsoon season, typically from November to March, while the months from May to September are relatively drier.

To provide a comprehensive overview of the climate patterns, let’s examine the average temperature, precipitation, and sunny days for each month in the table below:

Month Average Temperature (┬░C) Precipitation (mm) Sunny Days
January 27 250 5
February 28 250 6
March 29 280 6
April 29 310 7
May 29 290 7
June 29 250 7
July 29 220 7
August 29 220 7
September 29 220 7
October 29 250 7
November 28 260 6
December 27 260 5

Other Capital Cities in Brunei’s History

Throughout Brunei’s history, several cities have served as its capital, each contributing to the country’s cultural and historical legacy.

Bandar Seri Begawan (Present)

Bandar Seri Begawan has been the capital of Brunei since 1920 when Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin moved the royal administrative center from Brunei Town (now known as Bandar Seri Begawan) to its present location. The city has since grown into a modern metropolis while preserving its cultural heritage and natural beauty.

Brunei Town (1888-1920)

Brunei Town, now known as Bandar Seri Begawan, served as the capital of Brunei from 1888 to 1920 under the rule of Sultan Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin. During this period, the town was an important administrative and trading center, attracting merchants from across Southeast Asia. Brunei Town was renowned for its bustling markets, ornate mosques, and royal palaces, reflecting the kingdom’s wealth and influence.

Country Facts

According to COUNTRYAAH, Brunei, officially known as the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace, is a sovereign state located on the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. With a rich history, cultural heritage, and modern infrastructure, Brunei offers visitors a unique blend of traditional charm and contemporary amenities.

Brunei is renowned for its political stability, earning it the nickname “Abode of Peace.” Governed as a constitutional monarchy, the country has been ruled by the same royal family for over six centuries. The Sultanate of Brunei, headed by Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, serves as both the political and spiritual leader of the nation.

The capital city of Brunei is Bandar Seri Begawan, a vibrant metropolis situated on the northern coast of the country. Bandar Seri Begawan serves as the political, economic, and cultural center of Brunei, boasting modern infrastructure, historic landmarks, and a bustling waterfront.

One of the most iconic landmarks in Brunei is the Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque, named after the 28th Sultan of Brunei. With its golden dome, marble minarets, and serene lagoon, the mosque is a symbol of Islamic faith and architectural beauty. Other notable landmarks in Bandar Seri Begawan include Istana Nurul Iman, the largest residential palace in the world, and Kampong Ayer, the historic water village built over the Brunei River.

Brunei’s cultural heritage is deeply rooted in Malay traditions, with influences from Islam, indigenous tribes, and neighboring Southeast Asian countries. The country celebrates a variety of cultural festivals and events throughout the year, including Hari Raya Aidilfitri (Eid al-Fitr), Hari Raya Aidiladha (Eid al-Adha), and the Sultan’s birthday celebrations.

Despite its relatively small size, Brunei boasts a diverse landscape, ranging from lush rainforests to pristine beaches. The Ulu Temburong National Park, located in the Temburong District, offers visitors the chance to explore Brunei’s dense tropical rainforest, towering canopy walks, and cascading waterfalls.

Brunei’s economy is primarily driven by its oil and gas industry, which has made it one of the wealthiest nations in Southeast Asia. The government provides its citizens with free education, healthcare, and subsidized housing, ensuring a high standard of living for its population.

In recent years, Brunei has focused on diversifying its economy and promoting sustainable development. The country has invested in tourism infrastructure, eco-tourism initiatives, and renewable energy projects to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels and preserve its natural resources.

1. Population

Brunei has a population of approximately 440,000 people, with the majority of its inhabitants residing in urban areas such as Bandar Seri Begawan.

2. Area

Brunei covers an area of approximately 5,765 square kilometers, making it the 8th smallest country in Asia.

3. Largest City

Bandar Seri Begawan is the largest city in Brunei and serves as the capital of the country.

4. Currency

The currency used in Brunei is the Brunei dollar (BND), which is pegged to the Singapore dollar at a 1:1 exchange rate.

5. Official Language

The official language of Brunei is Malay, although English is widely spoken and used in government, business, and education.

6. ISO Country Codes

Brunei’s ISO country codes are BN (ISO 3166-1 alpha-2) and BRN (ISO 3166-1 alpha-3).


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